Journal of Neuroimmunology

For this assignment, you will use the “Medical Disease/Condition” you chose for the Week 2 Mini-Presentation as your topic and will focus on the following subtopics as they relate to this disease/condition:


Financial Costs

Anatomy & Physiology/Etiology


Objective:  The Annotated Bibliography is included as part of the Course Project because it provides the first step in preparing your Outline and Final Presentation. One of the issues regarding research, especially in the biosciences, medical, health/nutrition, and exercise/fitness fields, is the credibility of the sources used, particularly those obtained from various websites. By challenging you to evaluate each of your potential sources carefully, the Annotated Bibliography helps you to:

  • determine that the source article (e.g., peer-reviewed journal paper, book, website article) you chose is academically and scientifically credible,
  • explain how and why your source article is relevant to your course project’s required topics and subtopics (listed above), and
  • list those sources in proper APA reference format (version 6 or 7).
  • Course Project Timeline of Assignments

Before You Start:

To prepare for this assignment, I recommend that you:

Read these directions carefully.

  • Review the sample Annotated Bibliography provided to you: 

Read the grading criteria . The grading criteria is a detailed evaluation that I will use to assess your performance. It also will help you understand what is expected of you as you prepare your assignment.

Use your own words (paraphrase). For help with paraphrasing, please review ‘ help in the Trefry Library Writing@APUS Center. 

Note that your Turnitin report similarity score should be under 20% (not including references) and free of paraphrasing issues. Review the color-flagged text on your report, fix any issues, and resubmit again before the deadline (this assignment is set to unlimited submissions).

  • Note that less than 10% of your work should contain direct quotes.

Email me with any questions!

  • Assignment Instructions: Your Annotated Bibliography will include an APA-formatted reference, summary, and evaluation of two of the source articles you will use for your Outline and Final Presentation.  However, you must use FIVE or more articles in your Outline and Final Presentation.

Download and fill in this  with the following information for your TWO academically and scientifically credible sources:  

APA Reference Formatting of Source Article:

Written in APA reference list format (6th or 7th edition). For more help with formatting, see this .

Important Note: APUS discourages the use of auto-citation tools (e.g., citation generators) by students enrolled in 100- and 200-level courses because the University believes students need to learn and understand the reasons for citing sources used in their work, as well as how to cite sources correctly. 


What is the purpose of the source article, and how is it relevant to your Course Project’s topic and required subtopics?  Briefly address the following points in 4-6 sentences:

  • Begin with a “topic sentence” that states the source’s main point. (e.g., This article discusses the etiology of osteoarthritis in the synovial joints.).      
  • Summarize the main findings and conclusions of the peer-reviewed journal paper, book, website article, etc.

State how the information is relevant to your project’s assigned topics and subtopics.


  • After summarizing the source article, it is necessary to evaluate it and state where you found it (journal, website, book, etc.). Briefly answer the following questions in 4-6 sentences:

What is the format/type of source article (e.g., peer-reviewed journal paper, book, website article)?

  • Is the author an authority/expert on the topic? Explain how the author is qualified (see below).

For subject-matter experts, provide their credentials (e.g., degrees earned, professional or academic affiliations, published works)

  • For freelance/professional writers (non-experts), state if all reference sources are academically and scientifically credible and provide an example. 
  • For undergraduate-student writers (non-experts), include the subject-matter expert that may have edited or reviewed their work.
  • If no author is listed, move on to discuss the publishing source.

How is the publishing source (e.g., website’s sponsoring organization, journal, book publisher) credible?  (e.g., The Journal of the American Medical Association is an international, peer-reviewed journal comprised of subject-matter expert members and published 48 times a year by the American Medical Association.)

For more help, see this handout on .

*Writing Expectations:  Apply scientific concepts and use scientific terminology correctly.  Utilize proper spelling, grammar, and punctuation

Evaluation: Please review the BIOL181 Annotated Bibliography Grading Criteria attachment that describe how your annotated bibliography will be graded.

Submission Instructions:

You must submit your Annotated Bibliography as a “Microsoft Word” document using the template provided (rather than a Word Pad, Works, etc., document) AND title your file name as FirstnameLastname_BIOL181_Assg1.docOtherwise, you will not receive credit for your assignment.  Accepted file types are .doc and .docx only. 

Upload your assignment for grading by selecting the “Add a File” section.

  1. The new screen will prompt you to select the “My Computer” button so you can locate the MS Word document of your Annotated Bibliography on your computer.

Find the file and double-select it.

Select “Continue“.

Double-check to ensure that your Annotated Bibliography was successfully uploaded as an attachment.

When you have completed this assignment, type “Completed” in the rich text editor box below.

Journal of Neuroimmunology

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